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美国各州动物保护法法规及处理条款

发布日期:2014-07-16  浏览次数:1260

   Cruelty Laws

  Every state in the United States and the District of Columbia has a law prohibiting cruelty to animals. These laws do not give animals rights, but do afford some legal protection. The purposes of these laws is to deter violence by humans in any form as well as to protect animals from mistreatment and cruelty by imposing a penalty for those acts. Most of these laws fall under the purpose of morality, meaning the purpose is not to protect the animals, but to keep people on the straight and narrow. Whatever the reason, many more states are recognizing that animal cruelty, neglect and abuse are serious issues. There are now 41 states plus the District of Columbia with felony provisions for animal cruelty (32 plus DC with "Felony" specifically stated in the statute, 8 with felony punishments attached, but the status of the crime is not specifically defined).

  The Animal Welfare Act is the Federal Law which provides regulations for research facilities, state and private run shelters and pounds, transportation of animals, and stolen animals. It was originally passed in 1966 and has been amended multiple times through 1996. One of the more interesting statutes, for our discussion, is that any state or private run shelter is required to hold an dog or cat for at least 5 days including a weekend day for recovery by the owner or adoption before selling it to a dealer (PUBLIC LAW 101-624, Sec. 28.a.1). For summaries and the full text of the Animal Welfare Act and Amendments, visit: http://www.nal.usda.gov/

  To view a summary of the state's animal cruelty law and for a link to the text of the law itself, please see the two linked pages below, or download all of the state summaries in the PDF format. Updated as of July, 2003.

  Animal Cruelty Law Summaries, Alabama-Montana

  Animal Cruelty Law Summaries, Nebraska-Wyoming

State & Statute

&法令

Felony Provision?

是否重罪

↓↓↓↓↓

Maximum Sentence for First Offense

初犯者最高刑罚为

Alabama, Code 13A-11-14

阿拉巴马州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 6 months.
Intentional torture: Fine up to $5000, imprisonment up to 10 years.

虐待:罚款1000元,监禁长达6个月。
故意折磨:罚款高达5000元,监禁长达10年。

Alaska, Statute 11.61.140

阿拉斯加州

No

Fine up to $5000, up to 1 year imprisonment.

罚款高达¥5000,监禁长达1

Arizona, Statute 13-2910 et. seq.

亚利桑那州

Yes

Cruel treatment: Fine up to $2500, imprisonment for 6 months.
Intentional Cruel Neglect, Mistreatment: Fine up to $150,000, imprisonment up to 1.5 years.

虐待:罚款高达¥25006个月监禁。
故意忽视,虐待:最高可处罚款15万元,监禁长达1.5年。

Arkansas, Code 5-62-101 et seq.

阿肯色州

No

Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 1 year.

罚款高达1000元,监禁长达1年。

California, Penal Code 596-597加利福尼亚州

Yes

Fine up to $20,000, imprisonment up to 1 year.

罚款高达2万元,监禁长达1年。

Colorado, Revised Statute 18-9-202, et seq.

科罗拉多州

Yes

Cruelty: Minimum fine of $400, maximum fine $5000, plus up to $400 surcharge for Animal Cruelty Prevention Fund.
Aggravated Cruelty: Fine up to $100,000, imprisonment up to 18 months, 90 days mandatory.

虐待:最低罚款400元,最高罚款5000元,加上高达$400爱护动物基金附加费。
严重虐待:罚款10万元,监禁长达18个月,90天强制性的。

Connecticut, Statute Section 53-247

康涅狄格州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Intentional/Malicious Torture: Fine up to $5000, imprisonment up to 5 years.

虐待:罚款1000元,监禁长达1年。
故意/恶意折磨:罚款高达5000元,监禁长达5年。

Delaware, Code Ann. Title 11, Part 1, Chapter 5, Subchapter VII, 1325 et seq.

特拉华州

Yes

Cruelty: $1000 fine, imprisonment up to 1 year, prohibits animal ownership for 5 years.
Intentional Cruelty: $5000 fine, imprisonment up to 5 years, prohibits animal ownership for 15 years.

虐待:1000元罚款,监禁长达1年,5年禁止动物的所有权。
故意虐待:$ 5000罚款,监禁长达5年,禁止动物15年的所有权。

District of Columbia (Washington DC), Ann. 22-1001 et seq.

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $250, imprisonment up to 180 days.
Cruelty resulting in serious injury or death: Fine up to $25,000, imprisonment up to 5 years.

虐待:最高可处罚款250元,监禁长达180天。
虐待造成严重伤害或死亡:最高可处罚款25,000元,监禁长达5年。

Florida, Statute 828.12 et seq.

佛罗里达州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $5000, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Intentional Cruelty: Fine up to $10,000, imprisonment up to 5 years.
Intentional Cruelty with torture: Minimum fine of $2500 and psychological treatment.

虐待:罚款高达5000元,监禁长达1年。
故意虐待:罚款一万元,监禁5年。
故意虐待与折磨:最低罚款$ 2500及心理治疗。

Georgia, Code Ann. 16-12-4 et seq.

格鲁吉亚州

Yes (defined in Statute)

Cruelty: Fine up to $1000, Imprisonment up to 1 year.
Aggravated Cruelty: Fine up to $15,000, imprisonment from 1 to 5 years.

虐待:罚款1000元,监禁长达1年。
严重虐待:最高可处罚款15,000元,监禁15年。

Hawaii, Rev. Stat. 711-1109 et seq.

夏威夷州

No

Fine up to $2000, imprisonment up to 1 year.

罚款高达2000元,监禁长达1年。

Idaho, Title 25, Chapter 35, 25-3501 et seq.

爱达荷州

No

Fine of $100 to $5000, imprisonment up to 6 months.

罚款高达100元至5000元,监禁长达6个月。

Illinois, 510 ILCS 70/3
**Model Law**

伊利诺伊州州(示范法)

Yes

Neglect of Owner's Duties: Fine up to $1500, imprisonment up to 6 months
Cruel Treatment: Fine up to $2500, imprisonment under 1 year.
Aggravated Cruelty: Fine up to $25,000, imprisonment from 1-3 years, 1 year probation.
Animal Torture: Fine up to $25,000, imprisonment from 2-5 years, 1 year probation.

不履行主人职责:罚款高达$1500,监禁长达6个月
残忍的待遇:罚款高达$25001年以下的监禁。
严重虐待:最高可处罚款$25,000元,从1-3年有期徒刑,1年缓刑。
动物酷刑:最高可处罚款$25,000元,从2-5年有期徒刑,1年缓刑。

Indiana, Code 35-46-3-13

印第安纳州

Yes

Fine up to $5000, imprisonment up to 1 year.

罚款高达5000元,监禁长达1年。

Iowa, Code 717B.1 et seq.

爱荷华州

Yes

Abuse: Fine of $500 to $5000, imprisonment up to 2 years.
Neglect: Fine of $50 to $500, imprisonment up to 30 days.
Torture: Fine of $500 to $5000, imprisonment up to 2 years and psychological treatment.

虐待:500元至5000罚款,监禁2年。
忽视:50元至500元罚款,监禁长达30天。
折磨:500元至5000元,监禁长达2年的心理治疗好的。

Kansas, Stat. Ann. 21-4310 et seq.

堪萨斯州

No

Fine up to $2500, imprisonment up to 1 year.

罚款高达2500,监禁1年。

Kentucky, REV. Stat. Ann 525.130 & 135

肯塔基州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $500, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Torture: Fine up to $500, imprisonment up to 1 year.

虐待:最高可处罚款500元,监禁长达1年。
折磨:最高可处罚款500元,监禁长达1年。

Louisiana, Rev. Stat. Ann. 14.102

路易斯安那州

Yes (defined in statute)

Simple Cruelty: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 6 months.
Aggravated Cruelty: Fine of $5000 to $25,000, imprisonment of 1-10 years.

普通虐待:罚款1000元,监禁长达6个月。
严重虐待:5000元至25,000元罚款,1-10年监禁。

Maine, Code Ann. Title 17 1031

缅因州

Yes (defined in statute

Cruelty: Fine of $500 to $2500, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Aggravated Cruelty: Fine of $1000 to $10,000, imprisonment up to 5 years.

虐待:500元至2500罚款,监禁长达1年。
严重虐待:1000元至1万元罚款,监禁长达5年。

Maryland, Criminal Code, Title 10, Subtitle 6, 10-601 et seq.

马里兰州

Yes

Cruelty or Neglect: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 90 days.
Aggravated Cruelty: Fine up to $5000, imprisonment up to 3 years.

虐待或忽视:罚款1000元,监禁长达90天。
严重虐待:罚款高达5000元,监禁3年。

Massachusetts, Gen Laws Ch. 272-77 & Gen Laws Ch. 266-112

马萨诸塞州

Yes (defined in statute)

Cruelty: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 90 days.
Malicious Killing: Imprisonment up to 5 years or fine up to $1000 and imprisonment up to 1 year.

虐待:罚款1000元,监禁长达90天。
恶意虐杀:5年以下监禁或罚款高达1000元及监禁1年。

Michigan, Penal Code 750.50

密歇根州 刑法

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 93 days, up to 200 hours community service.
Malicious Cruelty: Fine up to $5000, imprisonment up to 4 years, up to 500 hours community service.

虐待:罚款高达1000美元,监禁93天,最长200小时的社区服务。
恶意虐待:罚款高达5000元,监禁长达4年,高达500小时的社区服务。

Minnesota, Stat. 343.20 et seq.明尼苏达州

Yes (defined in statute)

Cruelty: Fine up to 700, imprisonment up to 90 days.
Intentional Cruelty (substantial bodily harm): Fine up to $3000, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Intentional Cruelty (death or great bodily harm): Fine up to $5000, imprisonment up to 2 years; If done to intimidate another person: Fine up to $10,000, imprisonment up to 4 years.

虐待:罚款$700,监禁长达90天。
故意虐待(重大身体伤害):罚款高达3000美元,监禁1年。
故意虐待(死亡或身体伤害极大):最高可处罚款5000元,监禁2;如果做恐吓他人:罚款10,000元,监禁长达4年。

Mississippi, Code Ann 97-41-1 et seq.

密西西比

No

Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 6 months.

 罚款1000元,监禁长达6个月。

Missouri, Rev. Stat. 578.005 et seq.

密苏里州

Yes

Neglect: Fine up to $500, imprisonment up to 15 days.
Abuse: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Abuse includes Torture/Mutilation: Fine up to $500, imprisonment up to 5 years.

忽视:最高可处罚款500元,监禁长达15天。
滥用:罚款1000元,监禁长达1年。
包括滥用折磨/残害:罚款500元,监禁长达5年。

Montana, Code Annotated 45-8-211

蒙大拿州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Aggravated Cruelty: Fine up to $2500, imprisonment up to 2 years.

虐待:罚款1000元,监禁长达1年。
严重虐待:罚款高达2500元,监禁2年。

Nebraska, Rev Stat. 28-1008 et seq.

内布拉斯加州

Yes

Cruelty, Abandonment or Neglect: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Cruelty Involving Torture, Repeated Beating or Mutilation: Fine up to $10,000, imprisonment up to 5 years.

虐待,遗弃或忽视:罚款1000元,监禁长达1年。
涉及酷刑虐待,殴打或多次残害:罚款一万元,监禁5年。

Nevada, Rev. Stat. 574.050 et seq.

内华达州

Yes

Fine of $200-$1000, imprisonment from 2 days to 6 months, community service from 48-120 hours.

罚款高达1000美元,监禁248-120小时至6个月,社会服务 - 200美元的罚款。

New Hampshire, Rev. Stat. Ann. 644:8

新罕布什尔州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $2000, imprisonment up to 1 year.
"Beats, Cruelly Whips, Tortures or Mutilates: Fine up to $7000, imprisonment up to 7 years.

虐待:罚款高达2000元,监禁长达1年。
折磨:罚款高达7000元,监禁长达7年。

New Jersey, Rev. Stat. Ann. 4:22-17 & 4:22-26

新泽西州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine of $250-$1000, imprisonment up to 6 months.
Aggravated Cruelty: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 18 months.
If the animal dies, or subsequent convictions: Fine up to $15,000 and/or imprisonment of 3-5 years.

虐待:罚款250 - 1000元,监禁长达6个月。
严重虐待:罚款1000元,监禁长达18个月。
如果动物死亡,其后各次定罪:最高可处罚款15,000元及/3-5年监禁。

New Mexico, Stat. Ann. 30-18-1

新墨西哥

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Extreme Cruelty: Fine up to $5000, imprisonment up to 18 months.

虐待:罚款1000元,监禁长达1年。
极端残忍:罚款高达5000元,监禁长达18个月。

New York, Article 26, Chapter 353 & 353-a

纽约

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Aggravated Cruelty: Fine up to $5000, imprisonment up to 5 years.

虐待:罚款1000元,监禁长达1年。

严重虐待:罚款高达5000元,监禁长达5年。

North Carolina, Gen Stat 14-360 et seq.

北卡罗莱纳州

Yes

Discretion of the court.法庭自由裁量权

North Dakota, Century Code 36-21-1-01 et seq.

北达科他州

No

Fine up to $2000, imprisonment up to 1 year.

罚款高达2000元,监禁长达1年。

Ohio, Rev. Code Ann 959.01

俄亥俄州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $750, imprisonment up to 90 days.
Cruelty to companion animals: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 90 days.

虐待:罚款750美元,监禁长达90天。
虐待伴侣动物:罚款1000元,监禁长达90天。

Oklahoma, State Title 21: 1685 et seq.

俄克拉荷马州

Yes

Abandonment: Fine from $100-$500, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Cruelty: Fine up to o $5000, imprisonment in county jail up to 1 year or in state penitentiary up to 5 years.

遗弃:罚款100 - 500元,监禁长达1年。
虐待:罚款高达$5000,在县监狱监禁长达1年或在国家监狱长达5年。

Oregon, Rev. Stat. 167.310 et seq.
**Model Law**

俄勒冈州 示范法

Yes

Abuse: Fine up to $2000, imprisonment up to 6 months.
Abuse in the First Degree: Fine up to $5000, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Aggravated Abuse: Fine up to $100,000, imprisonment up to 5 years.

虐待:罚款高达2000元,监禁长达6个月。
一级虐待:最高可处罚款5000元,监禁长达1年。
恶性虐待:罚款10万元,监禁5年。

Pennsylvania, 18 PA Cons. Stat. 5511

宾夕法尼亚州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine of $50-$75, imprisonment up to 90 days.
Kill, Maim or Disfigure Domestic Animal: Fine of not less than $500.
Kill, maim, mutilate, torture or disfigure any dog or cat: Fine not less than $1000, imprisonment up to 2 years.

虐待:罚款$ 50 - $75,监禁长达90天。
虐杀,残害或破坏外貌:不低于罚款500元。
虐杀,残害,毁伤,折磨或破坏外貌任何狗或猫:罚款不低于1000元,监禁长达2年。

Rhode Island, Gen Stat. 4-1-1 et. seq.

罗得岛

Yes (defined in statute)

Unnecessary Cruelty: Fine of $50-$500, imprisonment up to 11 months.
Malicious Injury To Or Killing: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 2 years, liable for triple damages in civil court, 10 hours community service.

不必要的虐待:50元罚款 - 500元,监禁长达11个月。
恶意伤害或杀害:罚款1000元,监禁长达2年,于民事法庭三倍损害赔偿责任,10小时社区服务。

South Carolina, Code Ann. 47-1-10 et seq.

南卡罗来纳州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine of $100-$500, imprisonment up to 60 days.
Torture, Mutilates or Cruelly Kills: Fine of $5000 AND imprisonment of 180 days to 5 years.

虐待:罚款$ 100 - $ 500,监禁长达60天。
折磨,残忍地毁坏或虐杀:5000元罚款及180天至5年监禁。

South Dakota, Codified Laws 40-1-1 et seq.

南达科他州(成文法)

No

Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 1 year.

罚款1000元,监禁长达1年。

Tennessee, Code Ann 39-14-202; 39-14-212

田纳西州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $2500, imprisonment from 11 months, 29 days to 30 years.
Second or subsequent conviction OR Aggravated Cruelty

: Fine up to $3000, imprisonment up to 6 years.

虐待:罚款高达2500,从11个月监禁,29天至30年。
再次或连续或严重虐待:罚款高达3000美元,监禁长达6年。

Texas, Penal Code, Title 9, Chapter 42, 42.09

德州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $4000, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Torture, Kill, Fighting, etc.: Fine up to $10,000, imprisonment from 180 days to 2 years.

虐待:罚款高达4000美元,监禁1年。
折磨,杀,斗等:最高可处罚款1万美元,从180天至2年监禁。

Utah, Code Ann. 76-9-301

犹他州

No

Cruelty: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 6 months.
Aggravated Cruelty: Fine up to $2500, imprisonment up to 1 year.

虐待:罚款1000元,监禁长达6个月。
严重虐待:罚款高达2500元,监禁1年。

Vermont, St. Ann. Title 13, Chapter 8, 351 et seq.

佛蒙特州

Yes (defined in statute)

Cruelty: Fine up to $2000, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Aggravated Cruelty: Fine up to $5000, imprisonment up to 3 years.

虐待:罚款高达2000元,监禁长达1年。
严重虐待:罚款高达5000元,监禁3年。

Virginia, Code Ann. 3.1-796.122

弗吉尼亚州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $2500, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Tortures, etc.: Fine up to $2500 (Felony).

虐待:罚款高达2500,监禁1年。
折磨等:罚款高达2500(重罪)。

Washington, Rev. Code 16.52.011 et. seq.

华盛顿

Yes

Cruelty in the Second Degree: Fine up to $1000, imprisonment up to 90 days.
Cruelty in the First Degree: Fine up to $10,000, imprisonment up to 5 years.

二级虐待:最高可处罚款1000元,监禁长达90天。
一级:最高可处罚款10,000元,监禁长达5年。

West Virginia, Code 61-8-19

西弗吉尼亚州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine of $300-$1000, imprisonment up to 6 months.
Torture: Fine of $1000-$5000, imprisonment of 1-3 years

虐待:罚款300 - 1000元,监禁长达6个月。
折磨:罚款$1000 - $50001-3年监禁.

Wisconsin, Stat. 951.02 et. seq.

威斯康辛州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $10,000, imprisonment up to 6 months.
Mutilation or Death: Fine up to $10,000, imprisonment up to 2 years.

虐待:罚款一万元,监禁长达6个月。
致残或致死:最高可处罚款10,000元,监禁长达2年。

Wyoming, Stat. 6-3-203

怀俄明州

Yes

Cruelty: Fine up to $750, imprisonment up to 6 months.
Aggravated Cruelty: Fine up to $5000, imprisonment up to 1 year.
Felony Cruelty: Fine up to $5000, imprisonment up to 2 years.

虐待:罚款750美元,监禁长达6个月。
严重虐待:罚款高达5000元,监禁长达1年。
重罪虐待:罚款高达5000元,监禁长达2年。

 

 

 


    
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